In order to develop and provide Khumjung Secondary School and Club with Internet access, as well as to promote ecotourism, which is the best new development to preserve an area's physical and cultural environment, Nepal Internet Foundation established the Everest Community Network in Khunde and Khumjung village. Our country and Nepal's alpine regions have grown in prominence as tourist destinations since Sir Edmund Hillary completed the first ascent of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953, and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa is crucial for drawing visitors to Nepal.
Despite the area's widespread popularity, places like Kunde and Khumjung are obscure and less well known. During our visit, we discovered that Khunde and Khumjung do not currently have access to the Internet. Even while there are computer labs, they are useless because students, who will make up tomorrow's workforce, do not have access to Internet services. The Nepal Internet Foundation's mission is to provide speedy Internet connection for health and education services while also sharing the history and experiences of the Sherpa people and community.
Khumjung Secondary School:
The school and the method education is given have been significantly impacted by the internet. It has made it possible for schools to connect with a worldwide community of learners and has supplied a variety of information and technologies that can be used to improve teaching and learning. Access to a wide range of educational resources is one of the primary ways that the internet has benefited educational institutions. Educational websites like Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Britannica offer access to trustworthy and current material on a variety of topics, and online platforms like Khan Academy and Courser offer thousands of free courses and classes on a wide range of disciplines.
The internet has also enabled schools to connect with a large community of learners worldwide in addition to these resources. Students can interact with classmates from around the globe using online networks and platforms to work on projects together, share ideas, and gain from one another. Students in remote locations like Khumjung, who might not have access to the same degree of resources as their peers in more urban or wealthier places, may find this to be of particular value. Looking ahead, it seems obvious that the internet will keep playing a significant role in education. Schools will be able to benefit from fresh and inventive approaches to teaching and learning as technology develops and more resources become accessible online. The use of educational software and apps will probably continue to increase, and online learning platforms and virtual classrooms will probably become more commonplace. In conclusion, the internet already has a significant impact on education, and this impact will only increase in the future.
Khunde Community Network and Podcast:
One of the most significant ways that the internet has changed radio is by making it easier for people and organizations to create and distribute their own content. It used to be necessary to have a broadcast license and access to expensive equipment in order to start a podcast. An online radio broadcast or podcast can now be produced and shared by anybody with a computer and an internet connection. The growth of independent podcasts has made it possible to hear a wider range of voices and perspectives. The Khunde Community Club launched a podcast program in addition to the Community Network. Even though it is still in its early phases, the podcast will significantly improve the lives of locals by creating a valuable network for businesses, the government, and citizens. Local podcasts with a focus on the area could provide residents with news and information they can use. For instance, a podcast about Sherpa People (Voice of Sherpa) and their struggles can help listeners stay informed about issues affecting their community, and a podcast about local news can help listeners stay up to date on local events.
Through a wireless point-to-point link, the network up to Khumjung School and Khunde Community club has been constructed. A wireless point-to-point connection is a technique for creating a direct line of communication between two devices. When a physical connection is impractical or not practicable, such as in rural areas or when connecting devices over great distances, this form of connection is frequently employed. A wireless point-to-point connection can be created in a number of different methods. Utilizing radio frequency (RF) technologies, such as microwaves or infrared, is one such technique.
The two devices can communicate with one another utilizing these technologies by sending radio waves, which can travel short distances.
The network at Khumjung School and Khunde Community Club was principally developed using wireless Point-To-Point Connection connecting up to our towers at Syangboche, as you can seefrom the diagram. A local point-to-multipoint node has been established from Syangboche to provide internet access at Khumjung School and Khunde Community Hall.
In the remote mountainous terrain, this project mainly confronted three different difficulties. both the weather and the lack of trained labor. Wireless tower performance and the effectiveness of wireless communication systems can be significantly impacted by weather conditions. Storms, winds, and lightning are examples of extreme weather that can harm towers and interrupt service. Towers can sway or even fall due to strong winds, while lightning can harm electronics and interrupt power supplies. Additionally, bad weather can make it risky or difficult for technicians to climb towers and make repairs, which can delay the process of restoring service. Additionally, snow and ice buildup on towers and antennae can impair their functionality and perhaps result in disruptions. Because of the monsoon season's power outages, which are necessary to protect our towers and other equipment in the Khumbu Region from the region's terrible weather, the internet may be interrupted.
The lack of qualified experts is one of the difficulties in providing technical support and maintenance in rural locations. There is a dearth of skilled and knowledgeable technicians that can diagnose and fix equipment in many rural locations. This can be because there aren't enough educational and training possibilities available there, and there aren't enough incentives for technicians to work in rural areas.
The techniques for community network sustainability developed by the Nepal Internet Foundation include:
• Local government support and involvement.
• Training for local communities on how to utilize, maintain, and manage the community network.
• Participation of the neighborhood community in choosing the community network's governance structure.
Key is local government support
Nepal Internet Foundation engaged the local community, the president of the KhundaClub, a representative of the local government, the principal of Khumjung Secondary School, and the instructors throughout the course of the program. They were informed about the project and given input in setting up, running, and maintaining the community network. They made the decision to endorse the campaign after holding numerous meetings with local government representatives and residents. They also provided the hamlet with a free, centrally situated structure to house the network hardware and serve as a center for the community, complete with three connected PCs, a printer, and a scanner. Nepal Internet Foundation decided to pay Khumbu Bijuli Company Pvt. Ltd. an additional electricity bill in order to address the issue of inconsistent electricity availability in the area.
Building Local Capacity for Community Network Construction, Use, and Maintenance
Villagers were trained by the Nepal Internet Foundation to construct, maintain, and run the community network using Wi-Fi. Because there were no legal restrictions on using the 2.4GHz and 5GHz spectrum frequencies, Wi-Fi was the technology of choice. The Nepal Internet Foundation put instructional materials in Nepali on student laptops to encourage the use of the Internet. We were also able to start a podcast on Khunde Club to raise the profile of Sherpas and promote local home stays.
Community Ownership and Participation Are Essential for Maintaining Community Networks
The plan also included funding for a year's worth of payments to the Internet service provider for a broadband Internet connection, in addition to giving a Podcast system, computer, and network equipment.
The community has given a lot of support to the Community Network Project at Khumjung School and Khunde Community Club. The majority of the services offered in the Khumbu Region, a famous destination for western tourists visiting Nepal each year, have been commercialized. Additionally, the creation of a community-owned network project in the heart of the Khumbu Valley has given all those who want to see regional development change hope and expectations.
Finally, the Khunde Community Club and Khumjung School Community Network Project have received a lot of support from the locals. Most of the services provided in the Khumbu Region, a well-known tourist attraction for westerners traveling to Nepal every year, have been monetized. Additionally, the establishment of a community-owned network project in the center of the Khumbu Valley has raised hopes and aspirations for everyone who wants to see regional development improve. We learned via this study that the Khumbu Region has many locations without Internet access. We intend to connect the Khumbu Region to the internet in the upcoming days so that its residents can use the internet much like Khunde and Khumjung.
We are very grateful to the Internet Society for launching the Community Network Project. Thanks to our work, communities that might not have otherwise had the chance to connect now have much-needed internet access. The lives of persons residing in these places are being improved by this CN project, which highlights the various benefits of having internet connection. We admire dedication to bridging the digital gap and work to increase everyone's access to the internet.